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Skin 101 | Let’s Get Back to the Basics!

- Understanding Your Skin -

Skin covers the entire body and acts as the exterior organ. Because skin is the first layer, it protects us from external dangers. Our skin holds a ton of sensitive nerve endings, which makes our skin a sensory organ as well. It also activates vitamin D after being exposed to the sun.


The skin is divided into three layers.

  1. Epidermis (the most outer layer)
  2. Dermis
  3. Hypodermis


The epidermis is like a waterproof jacket that protects our inner layers and organs. The inside of this epidermis jacket provides warmth. When your epidermis is healthy and in tact, it’s difficult for germs and bacteria to get through.

The Epidermis is then divided into more layers or strata.

  • Stratum corneum (the most exterior layer)
  • Stratum lucidum
  • Stratum granulosum
  • Stratum spinosum
  • Stratum basale

The dermis is the second layer of skin that holds sweat and sebaceous glands, nerve endings, hair follicles, connective tissue, blood and lymphatic vessels.

Hypodermis is the last layer of skin. The hypodermis is the connective tissue that binds the dermis to nerves, vessels, bones, and muscle. This layer of skin holds sweat glands, collagen and fat cells. Unfortunately, once this layer begins to break down, it will cause the skin to sag.

Now that we know the layers of skin and their functions, we can now shift our focus on how to provide the proper care it desires.

Moisturizers can significantly hydrate the upper layers of our epidermis. I’m big on moisturizing because I have a form of eczema called Pityriasis alba. This skin condition leaves dry itchy scaly patches all over my face. With proper moisturizing, I was able to combat the scales and light colored patches. This is the current moisturizer that I’m using and it works wonders!

Finding the best moisturizer and moisturizing method can do amazing things for your skin.

One tip I always like to share is to apply your moisturizer while your face/body is still damp with water. Water is where we get moisture. The cream or oils that you use help to lock that moisture in. Trust me, this method definitely works!

Our skin thrives on moisture and can become dry and brittle without it.  Ultimately, allowing the unnecessary aging process to begin.

For the deeper skin tissues, care is more effective from within. Now, there are pharmaceutical topical creams out there that are made to penetrate the deeper layers of the skin, but personally I’m not a fan of those. I definitely prefer the more natural and organic approach.

Drinking lots of water and eating nutrient rich foods have always worked best for me. I like to indulge here and there just like everyone else, but when I eat healthy or do a detox, my skin looks a lot brighter, smoother, and just over all healthier. Our skin is important. When it is properly taken care of and healthy, it can resist the signs of aging for a long time. I encourage all women and men to find out what works best for them.

Finding out your skin type is a great place to start. I’ll talk about skin types in my next post. In the meantime, do your research and start taking the appropriate action for your skin. It’ll thank you in the long run.

Do you have a favorite moisturizing technique?

Please share with us!



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